This course is the second in a three-course sequence related to the diagnosis and teaching of learners who experience literacy difficulties. This course is designed to provide prospective literacy teachers with high-leverage pedagogical practices for teaching early childhood and childhood learners as individuals as in small groups. This course develops students’ abilities to provide developmentally appropriate instruction in the areas of emergent literacy, word recognition, fluency, spelling, meaning vocabulary development, comprehension, comprehension monitoring, and the reading-writing connection. The focus of the course is on designing instruction that addresses children’s areas of instructional need while leveraging their specific literacy strengths. During this course, candidates spend 15+ hours at their literacy internship placement sites engaging in classroom observation, critique, and reflection.