Dr. Gabriel P. Swarts
Adolescence Education Director
B52 Plassmann Hall
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Publications and Presentations
Brown, A., Views of Primary Stakeholders Concerning The Tech Prep Project. Proceedings of the Edward F. Kelly Evaluation Conference, 1997
The constructivistic approach to teaching and learning is based on a combination of a subset of research within cognitive psychology and a subset of research within social psychology, just as behavior modification techniques are based on operant conditioning theory within behavioral psychology.
The basic premise is that an individual learner must actively build knowledge and skills (e.g., Bruner, 1990) and that information exists within these built constructs rather than in the external environment. [See Ullman (1980) versus Gibson (1979) for an overview of this controversy within the cognitive perspective.]
However, all advocates of constructivism agree that it is the individual's processing of stimuli from the environment and the resulting cognitive structures, that produce adaptive behavior, rather than the stimuli themselves (Harnard, 1982).
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